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Ferdinand III Holy Roman Emperor King of Germany King of Hungary & King of Bohemia edict 09/30/1654

SKU: Ferdinand III Edict $179.95
Folds staining and toning. Ferdinand III (13 July 1608 2 April 1657) was Holy Roman Emperor from 15 February 1637 until his death as well as King of Hungary and Croatia King of Bohemia and Archduke of Austria. Life: Ferdinand was born in Graz the eldest son of Emperor Ferdinand II of Habsburg and his first wife Maria Anna of Bavaria. Educated by the Jesuits he became King of Hungary in 1625 King of Bohemia in 1627 and Archduke of Austria in 1621. In 1627 Ferdinand enhanced his authority and set an important legal and military precedent by issuing a Revised Land Ordinance that deprived the Bohemian estates of their right to raise soldiers reserving this power solely for the monarch. Following the death of Wallenstein (who had previously denied him the overall military command of the Catholic side) in 1634 he was made titular head of the Imperial Army in the Thirty Years' War and later that year joined with his cousin the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand being nominally responsible of the capture of DonauwArth and Regensburg and of defeat of the Swedes at the Battle of NArdlingen. Leader of the peace party at court he helped negotiate the Peace of Prague with the Protestant states especially Saxony in 1635. Having been elected King of the Romans in 1636 he succeeded his father as Holy Roman Emperor in 1637. He hoped to be able to make peace soon with France and Sweden but the war dragged on for another 11 years finally coming to an end with the Peace of Westphalia (Treaty of MA 1/4 nster with France Treaty of OsnabrA 1/4 ck with Sweden) in 1648 both negotiated by his envoy Maximilian von und zu Trauttmansdorff a diplomat who had been made a count in 1623 by his father Ferdinand II. During the last period of the war in 1644 Ferdinand III gave to all rulers of German states the right to conduct their own foreign policy (ius belli ac pacis). This way the emperor was trying to gain more allies in the negotiations with France and Sweden. This very edict contributed to the gradual erosion of the imperial authority in the Holy Roman Empire. After 1648 the emperor was engaged in carrying out the terms of the treaty and ridding Germany of the foreign soldiery. In 1656 he sent an army into Italy to assist Spain in her struggle with France and he had just concluded an alliance with Poland to check the aggressions of Charles x of Sweden when he died on 2 April 1657. Marriages and children On 20 February 1631 Ferdinand III married his first wife Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria. She was the youngest daughter of Philip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria. They were first cousins as Maria Anna's mother was a sister of Ferdinand's father. They were parents to six children: cents Ferdinand IV of Hungary (8 September 1633 9 July 1654). cents Mariana of Austria (22 December 1634 16 May 1696). Married her maternal uncle Philip IV of Spain. They were parents to Charles II of Spain the last Habsburg monarch of Spain. cents Archduke Philip August of Austria (1637 1639). cents Archduke Maximilian Thomas of Austria (1638 1639). cents Leopold I Holy Roman Emperor (9 June 1640 5 May 1705). cents Archduchess Maria of Austria (1646). In 1648 Ferdinand III married his second wife Archduchess Maria Leopoldine of Austria. She was a daughter of Leopold V Archduke of Austria and Claudia de' Medici. They were first cousins as male-line grandchildren of Charles II Archduke of Austria and Maria Anna of Bavaria. They had a single son: cents Archduke Karl Josef of Austria (1649 1664). He was Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights from 1662 to his death. In 1651 Ferdinand III married Eleonora Gonzaga. She was a daughter of Charles IV Gonzaga Duke of Rethel. They were parents to four children: cents Archduchess Theresia Maria Josefa of Austria (1652 1653). cents Archduchess Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria (1653 1697). Married first MichaKorybut Wi niowiecki King of Poland and secondly Charles V Duke of Lorraine. cents Archduchess Maria Anna Josepha of Austria (1654 1689). Married Johann Wilhelm Elector Palatine. cents Archduke Ferdinand Josef of Austria (1657 1658). Music: Ferdinand III was a well-known patron of music and a composer. He studied music under Giovanni Valentini who bequeathed his musical works to him and had close ties with Johann Jakob Froberger one of the most important keyboard composers of the 17th century. Froberger lamented the emperor's death and dedicated to him one of his most celebrated works Lamentation faite sur la mort trAs douloureuse de Sa Majest Impriale Ferdinand le troisiAme: a tombeau for Ferdinand III's death was composed by the renowned violinist Johann Heinrich Schmelzer. Some of Ferdinand's own compositions survive in manuscripts: masses motets hymns and other sacred music as well as a few secular pieces. His Drama musicum was praised by Athanasius Kircher and the extant works although clearly influenced by Valentini show a composer with an individual style and a solid technique. Recordings of Ferdinand's compositions include: Jesu Redemptor Omnium. Deus Tuorum. Humanae Salutis. With Schmelzer: Lamento Sopra La Morte de Ferdinand III. Joseph I: Regina Coeli. Leopold I: Sonata Piena: Laudate Pueri. Wiener Akademie dir. Martin HaselbAck CPO 1997. Ferdinand III: Hymnus ''Jesu Corona Virginum''. On Musik fA 1/4 r Gamben-Consort. Klaus Mertens Hamburger Ratsmusik dir. Simone Eckert CPO 2010 Titles: Ferdinand III by the grace of God elected Holy Roman Emperor forever August King of Germany King of Hungary Bohemia Dalmatia Croatia Slavonia Rama Serbia Galicia Lodomeria Cumania and Bulgaria Archduke of Austria Duke of Burgundy Brabant Styria Carinthia Carniola Margrave of Moravia Duke of Luxemburg of the Higher and Lower Silesia of WA 1/4 rttemberg and Teck Prince of Swabia Count of Habsburg Tyrol Kyburg and Goritia Marquess of the Holy Roman Empire Burgovia the Higher and Lower Lusace Lord of the Marquisate of Slavonia of Port Naon and Salines etc. etc.