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Cooper Anthony-Ashley 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury; Characteristicks of Men Manners Opinions Times

SKU: Cooper Anth-Ash AB0310113 $125.00
Characteristicks of Men Manners Opinions Times. By Anthony Earl of Shaftesbury [Anthony Ashley-Cooper 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury Baron Ashley of Winbourn & Lord Cooper of Pawlett]. The Sixth Edition corrected with the Addition of a Letter Concerning Design. Printed by James Purser Bartholomew-Close London in 1737. Contents: Miscellaneous Reflections on the preceding Treaties and other Critical Subjects.A Notion of the Tablature or Judgment of Hercules.With a Letter concerning Design.Printed in the year 1737. Volume #3 only from a set of three. Frontispiece engravings and additional engravings by: Sim Gribelin Sculps. Full leather boards with faded gilt borders and six compartment spine. Covers exhibit leather loss to the corners. The both hinges are cracked. However the binding is tight. The Spine has extensive leather loss and crazing with a split in the middle lengthwise from head to foot. Signature and owners name in ink on paste down and front page along with a 2.5 cm. piece of tape. Edge chipping on the end pages. Last page of the Index has a 3 cm. tear next to the binding 3 cm. up from the foot. End pages title page and last few Index pages are tanning. 410 white to off-white pages plus extensive Index without any foxing spotting tears or loss. Pages are in excellent condition. Text is complete. Volume measures: 13.5 cm. x 20.5 cm. (12mo). Anthony Ashley Cooper 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury (26 February 1671 4 February 1713) was an English politician philosopher and writer. Born at Exeter House in London the grandson of Anthony Ashley Cooper 1st Earl of Shaftesbury and son of the second earl. His mother was Lady Dorothy Manners daughter of John Earl of Rutland. According to a story told by the third earl the marriage was negotiated by John Locke who was a trusted friend of the first earl. The second Lord Shaftesbury appears to have been both physically and mentally inadequate. At the age of three his son was made over to the formal guardianship of his grandfather. Locke who in his capacity of medical attendant to the Ashley household had already assisted at the child trades birth and was now entrusted with the supervision of his education. This was conducted according to the principles enunciated in Locke trades Thoughts concerning Educationand the method of teaching Latin and Greek conversationally was pursued with such success by his instructress Elizabeth Birch that at the age of eleven it is said Ashley could read both languages with ease. In November 1683 some months after the death of the first Earl his father sent him to Winchester College as a warden trades boarder. Being shy and mocked because of his grandfather he appears to have been miserable at school. He left Winchester in 1686 for a course of foreign travel. This brought him into contact with artistic and classical associations which would strongly influence his character and opinions. On his travels he apparently did not seek the conversation of other young English gentlemen on their travels but rather that of their tutors with whom he could converse on congenial topics. In 1689 the year after the Glorious Revolution Lord Ashley returned to England and for nearly five years he appears to have led a quiet and studious life. After election to Parliament Anthony distinguished himself by a speech in support of the Bill for Regulating Trials in Cases of Treason one provision of which was that a person indicted for treason or misprision of treason should be allowed the assistance of counsel. His poor health forced him to retire from Parliament at the dissolution of July 1698. After retiring to the Netherlands for over a twelvemonth he returned to England and soon succeeded his father as Earl of Shaftesbury. Although he had received immediate benefit from his stay abroad he was showing symptoms of consumption and gradually became a confirmed invalid. His occupations were now almost exclusively literary. The declining state of Shaftesbury trades health rendered it necessary for him to seek a warmer climate and in July 1711 he set out for Italy. He settled at Naples in November and lived there for more than a year. His principal occupation at this time must have consisted in preparing for the press a second edition of the Characteristics which appeared in 1713 soon after his death. The copy carefully corrected in his own handwriting is preserved in the British Museum. He was also engaged during his stay at Naples in writing the little treatise Judgement of Herculesand the letter concerning Design A little before his death he had also formed a scheme of writing a Discourse on the Arts of Painting Sculpture Etching etc but when he died he had made but little progress with it. His body was brought back by sea to England and buried at St. Giles trades the family seat in Dorsetshire. His only son Anthony Ashley succeeded him as 4th Earl and his great-grandson was the famous philanthropist the 7th Earl.