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Arita Kutani Tea jar. Meiji period.

SKU: Arita Kutani Tea Jar $295.00
Arita. Center of Japan's porcelain industry. Arita is located in Saga Prefecture on the southern island of Kyushu. First porcelain deposits in Japan were discovered here. Porcelain techniques introduced by Korean potters in 17th century. Arita ware was made primarily for export and often used overglaze enamel pigments. Kutani (Saiyu-jiki) and Ko-Kutani (''Ko'' means old). Colorful overglazed enamel decorative porcelain. Porcelain produced in the Kaga area (Ishikawa Prefecture) beginning sometime in 17th century. In Kutani pottery the five colors (go-sai) reign supreme: red blue yellow purple and green. The origin of these pigments is in Ming Dynasty Chinese porcelains. Yet Kutani retains its own identity and is purely Japanese in the usage of the pigments. There have been two epochs in the history of Kutani ware. In the mid 17th century the head of the local clan Toshiharu Maeda set up killns in the villages of Kutani to make porcelain there and sent his retainers to Arita to learn the techniques of porcelain making. They succeeded in creating what is now referred to as ''Ko Kutani'' (Old Kutani) with the help of a potter from China in Arita. Currently no evidence has been found in the remains of kilns in Kutani to prove that they actually produced Old Kutani at their local kilns. Rather the white porcelain bases for Old Kutani were excavated in Arita and it may be deduced that Old Kutani was made in Arita. For unknown reasons the kilns in Kutani abruptly declined in the late 17th century. They had not seen use for over a century until the new kilns were built around the mid 19th century. This re-establishment is refered to as: ''Saiko Kutani'' (New Kutani). Kutani ware features the five-color palette of red green yellow purple and Prussian blue. During the transition period from the Edo to Meiji era it was widened with the medial tones by the adoption of imported European glazes and made Kutani ware extensively colorful. Further more gold color was added to the color scheme and Kutani developed a luxurious coloring style called: ''saishiki-kinran'' (coloring on gold brocade). Eventually with its gorgeous coloring and tones Kutani ware developed a vibrant market at home and abroad during the Meiji period.